Mount Namuli

With increasing wildfires and intense drought as a result of local deforestation, Cool Earth’s partnership in Mozambique is a challenge. But it’s one that we and the people living around Mount Namuli are rising to.

Forty years ago, the communities around Mount Namuli lived in balance with the mountain and its wildlife-rich forests. Today poverty, extreme weather and a growing population have placed new pressures on the forest.

With limited livelihood alternatives, local people use unsustainable agricultural techniques, and, although potatoes grow well in these high altitude areas and fetch a high price at the market, that income comes at a great cost for rainforest.

That’s why Cool Earth partnered with local expert organisation Legado to develop sustainable agricultural practices, beekeeping and local leadership that aim to diversify income streams, empower local leadership and help preserve remaining rainforest.

Partner Organisation: Legado


Slash and burn itinerant agriculture has been practiced by many generations of community members around Mount Namuli, but at the current speed and scale it has become the main driver of forest and wildlife loss in Namuli. It’s mostly driven by potato growing, a key source of income for local people, as people clear the forested slopes to grow the crop.

Fire, from purposeful clearing and wildfires, is potently destructive to the forest. Destroying the natural soil seed bank, fires can inhibit forest regeneration and often spread into neighbouring forest areas.

Community members report more unreliable and sporadic rainfall in the area. Local water cycles are affected due to deforestation as rain runoff becomes more rapid leading to soil erosion, nutrient loss, and unreliable river flow.

Mount Namuli

“I do see a change in the forest. There were gazelles, monkeys before, but they’ve fled because of the deforestation for the farms. That’s how things have changed.”

Adelina Jackson, the Queen of Namuli


Planned Outcomes

If the remaining rainforest is to be protected, there needs to be diverse, sustainable and reliable incomes powered by local people. That’s what the conservation agriculture, beekeeping, and leadership programme aims to achieve.

Through exploring the benefits of choosing sustainable agriculture techniques and beekeeping practices, the communities of Namuli can secure sustainable livelihoods while reducing the use of slash and burn practices, promoting the control of wildfires and helping protect local forests. With activated leadership, communities can effectively manage local natural resources with a sense of pride and ownership – a way to stimulate the sustainability if this intrinsic shift.

Halting deforestation is essential for a healthy local watershed and preservation of endemic species. No doubt, the Namuli Partnership will be an essential learning curve that will help share solutions with other communities that are at risk of losing their rainforest elsewhere.

Mount Namuli

“If we continue to cut the trees we will only be able to tell our children stories about the forest, because it won’t be here anymore”

Carlito Macao, Morabue

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