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Crocodile conservation in the Cardamom Mountains


Two species living in balance with one another, for mutual benefit and survival.

Symbiotic relationships have fascinated environmentalists for years. If one is threatened, the other feels it rapidly. As communities are pressured into losing their land to intensive industries like logging, thousands of wildlife species are feeling the strain too. When this happens, we all lose out. It’s difficult to comprehend just how closely our survival is directly related to the preservation of key species.

These symbiotic relationships are happening all around us. The local Khmer Deaum people of the Cardamom Mountains know this better than anyone. Here, everything is from the forest.

The Kingdom of Wonder, as Cambodia is affectionately known, is a global biodiversity hotspot. But like many places, it is experiencing the challenge of developing its economy while protecting its natural resources. Indigenous peoples’ symbiotic relationship with the forest is increasingly under threat as a result. Illegal logging, competition for resources and unsustainable farming means that customary practices, beliefs and links to the forest are all being lost.

Cool Earth is working alongside partner organisation Fauna & Flora International to address just that. By partnering conservation and livelihoods projects with indigenous communities, local people can earn a living whilst protecting their forest.

It’s proving to be a real success. The protection of key species including the Siamese crocodile, has improved significantly. This critically endangered reptile has been severely impacted in the past, with just 250 estimated to be living in Cambodian rivers now. A breeding centre ensures baby crocodiles can mature safely before being released. This reintroduction of a key species into the local ecosystem is a real turning point, demonstrating success in terms of population recovery and the long-term viability and health of the rainforest ecosystem. It also means that local people are employed in the breeding centre and as wardens patrolling the river, trained in data collection and monitoring crocodile numbers.

The next phase of planned conservation efforts include releasing more crocodiles into the wild, as well as continued monitoring of those that have been released. Thanks to supporters like you, the future looks bright for this part of the forest.

Crocodile conservation in the Cardamom Mountains
Crocodile wardens Yem and Sim regularly check on nests to make sure they haven’t been disturbed.

Effective conservation is only possible when local people who are uniquely suited to manage,
protect, and restore rainforest are put first.

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